Know the facts about coronavirus disease (COVID-19) – Canada.ca
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Know the facts about coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
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Organization: Public Health Agency of Canada
Date published: February 2020
COVID-19 is an illness caused by a coronavirus. Human coronaviruses are common and are typically associated with mild illnesses, similar to the common cold.
Symptoms of human coronaviruses may be very mild or more serious, such as:
- Difficulty breathing
Symptoms may take up to 14 days to appear after exposure to the virus.
Coronaviruses are most commonly spread from an infected person through:
- respiratory droplets when you cough or sneeze
- close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
- touching something with the virus on it, then touching your eyes, nose or mouth before washing your hands
These viruses are not known to spread through ventilation systems or through water.
The best way to prevent the spread of infections is to:
- wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds;
- avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth, especially with unwashed hands;
- avoid close contact with people who are sick;
- cough and sneeze into your sleeve and not your hands; and
- stay home if you are sick to avoid spreading illness to others.
For more information on coronavirus:
Thank you for your help!
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Vulnerable populations and COVID-19
Organization: Public Health Agency of Canada
Date published: March 2020
While diseases can make anyone sick, some Canadians are more at risk of getting an infection and developing severe complications due to their health, social and economic circumstances.
Organizations, staff and volunteers play an important role in helping to prevent these populations from getting or spreading the COVID-19 virus. Start by sharing simple things they can do to help keep themselves and others healthy, guide them to help if they develop any signs and symptoms and learn ways help care for sick clients recovering from COVID-19.
Vulnerable populations may include
Anyone who is:
- an older adult
- at risk due to underlying medical conditions (e.g. heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, cancer)
- at risk due to a compromised immune system from a medical condition or treatment (e.g. chemotherapy)
Anyone who has:
- difficulty reading, speaking, understanding or communicating
- difficulty accessing medical care or health advice
- difficulty doing preventive activities, like frequent hand washing and covering coughs and sneezes
- ongoing specialized medical care or needs specific medical supplies
- ongoing supervision needs or support for maintaining independence
- difficulty accessing transportation
- economic barriers
- unstable employment or inflexible working conditions
- social or geographic isolation, like in remote and isolated communities
- insecure, inadequate, or nonexistent housing conditions
How organizations can support vulnerable populations during COVID-19 outbreaks
Take the time to learn the facts:
- Know more about COVID-19 by visiting Canada.ca/coronavirus .
- Keep up-to-date about the current situation in your community.
- Contact local, provincial, territorial public health officials to get relevant COVID-19 information, resources and guidance.
Take time to get prepared:
- Review your business continuity plan so you and your staff know what to do.
- Plan ahead for potential disruptions.
- Identify and plan how to continue providing the most critical services.
- Partner with organizations that provide similar services to share resources and strategies.
- Be prepared to answer questions from staff, volunteers, and clients.
- Consider stockpiling general supplies and cleaning supplies.
- Prepare for shelters and communal space limitations.
Educate staff about ways to prevent the spread of COVID-19:
- Washing hands often with soap and hot water or use of alcohol based sanitizer.
- Increasing access to hand hygiene and cough etiquette supplies (e.g., alcohol-based hand rub, soap, paper towels, tissues, waste containers).
- Cleaning frequently used spaces, surfaces and objects (kitchens, common areas, dining areas, desks, shared sleeping spaces, doorknobs, and faucets).
- Staying home when sick.
- Avoiding the use of shared personal items.
- Sharing information about what to do if staff or a client shows symptoms of becoming sick.
- Sharing steps about how to care for and isolate people living in a crowded facility (including the use of separate washrooms, if available).
Suggestions for supporting vulnerable populations during COVID-19 outbreaks
Provide clear instructions about how to wash hands and cover coughs using:
- the most commonly used language in the community
- short messages that explain simple steps they can take
- large font and graphics
- accessible instructions (e.g., braille, pictoral)
- by posting signs in common areas near sinks, entrances, intake areas, restrooms, sleeping areas, recreation areas, waiting rooms
Consider supporting alternatives such as:
- using volunteer drivers and subsidized taxi fares instead of public transportation
- putting in place alternative outreach measures or a “buddy” system
- including policies to allow sick clients to rest in shelters during the day
- providing access to food, drinks and supplies, as possible
- reminding clients to fill or refill prescriptions, and necessary medical supplies
If you suspect a client is sick from COVID-19, please contact your local public health authority.
We can all do our part in preventing the spread of COVID-19.
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Date modified: 2020-03-10